New Study Reveals Too Many Global Organizations are Gambling Their Business on Poor Code
Global CRASH Report from CAST uncovers applications in Financial Services can be exploited to steal confidential information
New York – March 7, 2017 – CAST, a leader in software analysis and measurement, announced findings from its latest CRASH Report, the largest objective study of software ‘health factors’ such as Reliability and Security. Health factors indicate the volume and severity of structural software flaws in business applications.
The report, which analyzed 1.03 billion lines of code across 1,850 applications submitted by over 329 organizations in 8 different countries, exposes the overall quality of too many mission critical functions across the globe is POOR. Security scores varied widely with some of the highest and worst scores observed for any health factor. The lowest security scores of some applications indicate there is a significant amount of business software at risk.
This represents a big gamble for organizations whose business operations rest on poor code. Financial Services were specifically found to be particularly susceptible to security risk. Retail and Telco scored marginally better than Financial Services. For an industry carrying large amounts of sensitive data, Financial Services organizations are at risk of severe regulatory fines.
“Lack of security architecture combined with porous code in legacy systems produce easy targets for hackers. This is especially concerning in Financial Services applications,” said Dr. Bill Curtis, SVP and Chief Scientist at CAST Research Labs. “Despite the push to ‘go digital’ our CRASH Report findings indicate there is a significant amount of bad code lingering in enterprise systems. The takeaway for IT is clear: poor software quality is exposing many businesses to excessive risk.”
Key findings of the study include:
Security is lagging
- Security scores varied widely with some of the worst falling into this category.
- Geographically, the UK scores the lowest out of all regions. France scores best.
- The Financial Services industry scored worst, compared to the highest scoring industry, Government.
Smaller teams perform better
- Findings reveal a team size ‘sweet spot’. Development teams of under 10 people perform best across most areas of structural quality.
- Development teams of over 20 consistently perform the worst across all health factors.
Maturity must be improved
- Organizations at the least mature development processes (Level 1) as measurement by the Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) have the worst scores in all areas of structural quality. Such organizations too often have overworked developers on unrealistic schedules. They make myriad mistakes without having adequate time to detect and correct them. Organizations at Level 2 that have implemented basic project controls or at Level 3 that have standardized their processes produce far better software.
A hybrid method is the way to go
- Findings reveal the highest scores developed software using a hybrid method that combines practices from both Agile and Waterfall. The lowest scores were obtained by those reporting use of ‘no method’. Both Agile and Waterfall were consistently achieved lower scores than Hybrid methods. This confirms the same finding in the last CRASH Report two years ago.
- By combining up front analysis and design of application architectures with rapid feedback on defects during short, iterative coding sprints, hybrid methods produce higher structural quality than Agile or Waterfall methods alone.
A copy of the CRASH Executive summary and the full report can be downloaded here.
CAST Research on Application Software Health (CRASH) is a biennial report on global trends in the structural quality of business applications. It reports scores on Health factors which represent attributes of the engineering soundness of the architecture and code of software systems. The technology that generated the data in CRASH Reports measures the number and severity of violations of good architectural and coding practice. These are the defects most likely to cause operational problems such as outages, performance degradation, unauthorized access, or data corruption. The health factors measured in the report look at five traits: Robustness, Security, Performance Efficiency, Changeability and Transferability. Scores are computed on a scale of 1 (high risk) to 4 (low risk).
CAST is the world leader in software analysis and measurement, with unique technology resulting from $130 million in R&D investment. CAST introduces fact-based transparency into application development and sourcing to transform it into a management discipline. More than 250 companies across all industry sectors and geographies rely on CAST to prevent business disruption while reducing hard IT costs and software risk. CAST is an integral part of software delivery and maintenance at the world's leading IT service providers. Founded in 1990, CAST is listed on Euronext (CAS) and serves IT intensive enterprises worldwide with offices in North America, Europe and India.
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